Resolutionadopted  bytheGeneralAssembly

 

[withoutreferencetoaMainCommittee(A/61/L.67andAdd.1)]

 

 

61/295.   UnitedNations  Declaration  ontheRightsof

IndigenousPeoples

 

TheGeneralAssembly,

 

Taking  noteofthe  recommendationofthe  HumanRights  Coun- cilcontained  initsresolution  1/2of29June2006,1  bywhichthe Counciladopted  thetextoftheUnited  Nations  Declaration  onthe RightsofIndigenousPeoples,

 

Recalling  itsresolution  61/178of20  December  2006,  bywhich itdecided  todeferconsiderationofandaction  ontheDeclaration toallowtimeforfurtherconsultationsthereon,andalsodecidedto concludeitsconsideration beforetheendofthesixty-firstsessionof theGeneralAssembly,

 

AdoptstheUnited  NationsDeclarationontheRightsofIndigenous

Peoplesascontained  intheannextothepresentresolution.

 

107thplenarymeeting

13September2007

 

 

Annex

 

UnitedNations  Declaration  onthe

RightsofIndigenousPeoples

 

TheGeneralAssembly,

 

GuidedbythepurposesandprinciplesoftheCharter  oftheUnited Nations,andgoodfaithinthefulfilmentoftheobligationsassumed byStatesinaccordancewiththeCharter,

 

Affirmingthat  indigenous  peoples  areequal  to  allother  peoples, whilerecognizing  therightofallpeoplestobedifferent,toconsider themselvesdifferent,andtoberespectedassuch,

 

 

 

1.SeeOfficialRecordsoftheGeneralAssembly,Sixty-firstSession, SupplementNo.53(A/61/53),partone,chap.II,sect.A.


 

 

 

 

 

Affirmingalsothat  allpeoplescontributetothediversityandrich- nessofcivilizationsandcultures,whichconstitutethecommon  heri- tageofhumankind,

 

Affirmingfurtherthatalldoctrines,  policiesandpracticesbasedon oradvocating  superiority  ofpeoples  orindividualson  the  basisof national  originorracial,religious,ethnicorculturaldifferencesare racist,scientificallyfalse,legallyinvalid,morallycondemnableand sociallyunjust,

 

Reaffirmingthatindigenous  peoples,intheexerciseoftheirrights, shouldbefreefromdiscrimination  ofanykind,

 

Concernedthatindigenouspeopleshave sufferedfromhistoricinjus- ticesasaresult  of,inter  alia,their  colonization  and  dispossession oftheirlands,territories  andresources,thuspreventing  them  from exercising,inparticular,  their  right  to  developmentinaccordance withtheirownneedsandinterests,

 

Recognizing  theurgent  need  torespectandpromotetheinherent rightsofindigenous  peopleswhichderivefromtheirpolitical,eco- nomicandsocialstructures  andfromtheircultures,  spiritualtradi- tions,historiesandphilosophies,especiallytheirrightstotheirlands, territoriesandresources,

 

Recognizingalsotheurgent  needtorespectandpromotetherights of indigenouspeoplesaffirmedintreaties,agreementsandother constructive  arrangements  withStates,

 

Welcomingthe  factthat  indigenous  peoples  areorganizing  them- selvesforpolitical,economic,  socialandculturalenhancementand inorder  tobringtoanendallformsofdiscrimination  andoppres- sionwherevertheyoccur,

 

Convincedthatcontrolby indigenouspeoplesoverdevelopments affectingthem  andtheirlands,territories  andresourceswillenable themtomaintainandstrengthen theirinstitutions,culturesandtra- ditions,andtopromotetheirdevelopmentinaccordancewiththeir aspirationsandneeds,

 

Recognizingthatrespectfor indigenousknowledge,culturesand traditional  practicescontributestosustainableandequitable  devel- opment  andpropermanagementoftheenvironment,

 

Emphasizing  the  contributionofthe  demilitarizationofthe  lands andterritories  ofindigenous  peoplestopeace,economicandsocial


 

 

 

 

 

progressanddevelopment, understandingandfriendlyrelations amongnationsandpeoplesoftheworld,

 

Recognizinginparticulartherightofindigenous  familiesandcom- munitiestoretainsharedresponsibilityfortheupbringing,training, educationandwell-beingof theirchildren,consistentwiththerights ofthechild,

 

Consideringthattherightsaffirmedintreaties,agreementsandother constructive  arrangements  between  Statesand  indigenous  peoples are,insomesituations,mattersofinternational concern,interest, responsibilityandcharacter,

 

Considering  alsothat  treaties,  agreements  and  other  constructive arrangements,andtherelationshiptheyrepresent,arethebasisfora strengthenedpartnership  betweenindigenous  peoplesandStates,

 

AcknowledgingthattheCharter  oftheUnited  Nations,theInterna- tionalCovenant  onEconomic,  SocialandCultural  Rights2  andthe InternationalCovenant  onCivil andPoliticalRights,2aswellasthe ViennaDeclaration  and  Programme  ofAction,3  affirmthe  funda- mentalimportance  oftherighttoself-determinationofallpeoples, byvirtue  ofwhichtheyfreelydetermine  their  politicalstatus  and freelypursuetheireconomic,  socialandculturaldevelopment,

 

Bearinginmind  that  nothinginthisDeclaration  maybeusedto denyanypeoplestheirrighttoself-determination,exercisedincon- formitywithinternationallaw,

 

Convincedthat  therecognitionoftherightsofindigenous  peoples inthisDeclaration  willenhance  harmoniousandcooperative  rela- tionsbetweentheStateandindigenous  peoples,basedonprinciples ofjustice,democracy,respectforhuman  rights,non-discrimination andgoodfaith,

 

Encouraging  States  to  comply  with  and  effectivelyimplement  all their  obligations  astheyapplyto  indigenous  peoples  under  inter- nationalinstruments,inparticularthoserelatedtohuman  rights,in consultationandcooperationwiththepeoplesconcerned,

 

EmphasizingthattheUnited  Nationshasanimportant andcontinu- ingroleto  playinpromotingand  protectingthe  rights  ofindig- enouspeoples,

 

 

2.Seeresolution  2200  A(XXI),annex.

3.A/CONF.157/24(PartI),chap.III.


 

 

 

 

 

Believingthat  thisDeclaration  isafurther  importantstepforward fortherecognition, promotionandprotectionoftherightsand freedomsofindigenous  peoplesandinthedevelopmentofrelevant activitiesoftheUnited  Nationssysteminthisfield,

 

Recognizing  and  reaffirming  that  indigenous  individuals  areenti- tledwithout  discrimination  toall human  rightsrecognized  ininter- nationallaw, andthatindigenous  peoplespossess collectiverights whichareindispensable  fortheirexistence,well-beingandintegral developmentaspeoples,

 

Recognizing  that  the  situation  ofindigenous  peoples  variesfrom region  toregion  andfromcountry  tocountry  andthat  thesignifi- canceofnational  andregional  particularities  andvarioushistorical andculturalbackgrounds  shouldbetakenintoconsideration,

 

SolemnlyproclaimsthefollowingUnited  NationsDeclarationonthe RightsofIndigenousPeoplesas astandardofachievementtobe pursued  inaspiritofpartnership  andmutualrespect:

 

Article1

Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttothefull enjoyment,  asacollec- tiveorasindividuals,ofallhumanrightsandfundamental  freedoms asrecognized  intheCharter  oftheUnited  Nations,  theUniversal Declaration  ofHumanRights4andinternationalhumanrightslaw.

 

Article2

Indigenouspeoplesandindividualsarefreeandequaltoallother peoplesandindividualsandhavetherighttobefreefromanykind ofdiscrimination,inthe  exerciseoftheir  rights,  inparticular  that basedontheirindigenous  originoridentity.

 

Article3

Indigenouspeopleshavetheright  toself-determination.Byvirtue ofthat  right  theyfreelydetermine  their  politicalstatus  and  freely pursuetheireconomic,  socialandculturaldevelopment.

 

Article4

Indigenouspeoples,inexercisingtheirright  toself-determination, havetherighttoautonomyorself-government  inmattersrelatingto

 

 

 

4.Resolution217A(III).


 

 

 

 

 

theirinternalandlocalaffairs,aswellaswaysandmeansforfinanc- ingtheirautonomousfunctions.

 

Article5

Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttomaintainandstrengthentheir distinct  political,  legal,economic,  socialand  cultural  institutions, whileretaining  their  right  toparticipate  fully,iftheysochoose,  in thepolitical,economic,  socialandculturallifeoftheState.

 

Article6

Everyindigenous  individualhastherighttoanationality.

 

Article7

1.    Indigenousindividualshavetherightstolife,physicalandmen- talintegrity,libertyandsecurityofperson.

 

2.    Indigenouspeopleshavethecollectiverighttoliveinfreedom, peaceandsecurityasdistinctpeoplesandshallnot  besubjected  to anyactofgenocide  oranyother  actofviolence,including  forcibly removingchildrenofthegrouptoanother  group.

 

Article8

1.   Indigenous peoplesandindividualshavetherightnottobe subjectedtoforcedassimilationordestructionoftheirculture.

 

2.    Statesshallprovideeffectivemechanismsforprevention  of,and redressfor:

 

(a)    Anyactionwhichhastheaimoreffectofdeprivingthem oftheirintegrity  asdistinctpeoples,oroftheircultural  values orethnicidentities;

 

(b)    Anyaction  whichhasthe  aimor  effectofdispossessing themoftheirlands,territoriesorresources;

 

(c)    Anyformofforcedpopulation  transferwhichhastheaim oreffectofviolatingorundermininganyoftheirrights;

 

(d)    Anyformofforcedassimilationorintegration;

 

(e)    Anyform  ofpropaganda  designed  to  promoteor  incite racialorethnicdiscrimination  directedagainstthem.


Indigenouspeoplesandindividualshavetheright  tobelong  toan indigenous  community  ornation,  inaccordancewiththetraditions andcustomsofthecommunity  ornationconcerned.  Nodiscrimina- tionofanykindmayarisefromtheexerciseofsucharight.

 

Article10

Indigenouspeoplesshallnotbeforcibly removedfromtheirlandsor territories.  Norelocationshall takeplacewithout  thefree,priorand informedconsentof theindigenouspeoplesconcernedandafter agreement  onjustandfaircompensationand,wherepossible,with theoption  ofreturn.

 

Article11

1.    Indigenouspeopleshave therighttopractiseandrevitalizetheir culturaltraditions  andcustoms.Thisincludestherighttomaintain, protect  anddevelopthepast,present  andfuture  manifestations  of their  cultures,  suchasarchaeological  and  historicalsites,artefacts, designs,  ceremonies,  technologiesand  visualand  performing  arts andliterature.

 

2.    Statesshallprovideredressthrougheffectivemechanisms,which mayincluderestitution,developed  inconjunctionwithindigenous peoples,withrespecttotheircultural,intellectual,religiousandspir- itualproperty  takenwithout  theirfree,priorandinformed  consent orinviolationoftheirlaws,traditions  andcustoms.

 

Article12

1.    Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttomanifest,practise,develop andteachtheirspiritualandreligious traditions,customsandcer- emonies;theright  tomaintain,  protect,  andhaveaccessinprivacy totheirreligiousandculturalsites;therighttotheuseandcontrol oftheirceremonialobjects;andtherighttotherepatriation  oftheir humanremains.

 

2.    Statesshallseektoenabletheaccessand/orrepatriation  ofcer- emonialobjectsandhumanremainsintheirpossessionthroughfair, transparent  andeffectivemechanismsdevelopedinconjunctionwith indigenous  peoplesconcerned.


1.    Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttorevitalize,use,developand transmit  tofuture  generations  theirhistories,languages,oraltradi- tions,philosophies,writingsystemsandliteratures,andtodesignate andretaintheirownnamesforcommunities,placesandpersons.

 

2.    Statesshalltakeeffectivemeasuresto  ensure  that  thisright  is protectedandalsotoensurethatindigenouspeoplescanunderstand andbeunderstoodinpolitical,legalandadministrativeproceedings, wherenecessarythroughtheprovisionofinterpretationorbyother appropriate  means.

 

Article14

1.    Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttoestablishandcontroltheir educational  systemsand  institutionsproviding  education  intheir ownlanguages,inamannerappropriate  totheirculturalmethods  of teachingandlearning.

 

2.    Indigenousindividuals,particularlychildren,  havetheright  to alllevelsand  formsofeducation  ofthe  State  without  discrimina- tion.

 

3.    Statesshall,inconjunctionwithindigenous  peoples,takeeffec- tivemeasures,inorder  forindigenous  individuals,particularlychil- dren,  including  those  living  outside  their  communities,to  have access,whenpossible,toaneducation  intheirowncultureandpro- videdintheirownlanguage.

 

Article15

1.    Indigenouspeopleshavetheright  tothedignityanddiversity oftheircultures,  traditions,  historiesandaspirationswhichshallbe appropriatelyreflectedineducation  andpublicinformation.

 

2.    Statesshalltakeeffectivemeasures,inconsultationandcoopera- tion  withthe  indigenous  peoples  concerned,  to  combat  prejudice andeliminatediscriminationandtopromote tolerance,understand- ingandgoodrelationsamongindigenous  peoplesandallotherseg- mentsofsociety.

 

Article16

1.    Indigenouspeopleshave therighttoestablishtheirownmediain theirownlanguagesandtohave accesstoallformsofnon-indigenous mediawithout  discrimination.


 

 

 

 

 

2.    Statesshalltakeeffectivemeasurestoensurethat  State-owned mediadulyreflect indigenousculturaldiversity.States,without prejudice  to  ensuring  fullfreedom  ofexpression,  should  encour- ageprivatelyownedmediatoadequatelyreflectindigenous  cultural diversity.

 

Article17

1.    Indigenousindividualsandpeopleshavetherighttoenjoyfully all rightsestablishedunderapplicableinternationalanddomestic labourlaw.

 

2.   Statesshall inconsultation andcooperation withindigenous peoplestakespecificmeasurestoprotect  indigenous  children  from economic  exploitation  andfromperforming  anyworkthat  islikely tobehazardous  ortointerferewiththechild’seducation,  ortobe harmfultothechild’shealthorphysical,mental,spiritual,moralor socialdevelopment,taking  into  account  their  specialvulnerability andtheimportance  ofeducation  fortheirempowerment.

 

3.    Indigenousindividualshavetherightnottobesubjectedtoany discriminatory  conditions  oflabour  and,interalia,employment  or salary.

 

Article18

Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttoparticipateindecision-making inmatters  whichwould  affecttheirrights,  throughrepresentatives chosen  by  themselves  in  accordance  with  their  own  procedures, aswellastomaintain  anddeveloptheir  ownindigenous  decision- makinginstitutions.

 

Article19

Statesshall consultandcooperate  ingoodfaithwiththeindigenous peoplesconcerned  throughtheirownrepresentative  institutionsin ordertoobtaintheirfree,priorandinformedconsentbeforeadopt- ing  and  implementinglegislativeor  administrative  measures  that mayaffectthem.

 

Article20

1.    Indigenouspeopleshave therighttomaintainanddeveloptheir political,economic  andsocialsystemsorinstitutions,tobesecure inthe  enjoyment  oftheir  ownmeansofsubsistence  and  develop- ment,  and  to  engage  freelyinalltheir  traditional  and  other  eco- nomicactivities.


 

 

 

 

 

2.    Indigenouspeoplesdeprivedoftheirmeansofsubsistenceand developmentareentitled  tojustandfairredress.

 

Article21

1.    Indigenouspeoples  havethe  right,  without  discrimination,to theimprovementof theireconomicandsocialconditions,including, interalia,intheareasofeducation,  employment,vocationaltraining andretraining,  housing,  sanitation,  healthandsocialsecurity.

 

2.    Statesshall takeeffectivemeasuresand,whereappropriate,spe- cial measurestoensurecontinuingimprovementoftheireconomic andsocial conditions.Particularattention shallbepaidtotherights andspecialneedsofindigenous  elders,women,youth,  childrenand personswithdisabilities.

 

Article22

1.    Particularattentionshallbepaidtotherightsandspecial needs ofindigenous  elders,women,  youth,  childrenandpersonswithdis- abilitiesintheimplementationofthisDeclaration.

 

2.    Statesshalltakemeasures,inconjunctionwithindigenouspeoples, toensurethatindigenouswomenandchildrenenjoythefullprotection andguaranteesagainstallformsofviolenceanddiscrimination.

 

Article23

Indigenouspeoples  havethe  right  to  determine  and  develop  pri- oritiesand  strategies  forexercisingtheir  right  to  development.In particular,indigenous  peopleshavetherighttobeactivelyinvolved indevelopinganddetermininghealth,housingandothereconomic andsocialprogrammes  affectingthemand,as faras possible,to administersuchprogrammes  throughtheirowninstitutions.

 

Article24

 

1.    Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttotheirtraditional  medicines and tomaintaintheirhealthpractices, includingtheconservationof theirvitalmedicinalplants,animalsandminerals.Indigenousindi- vidualsalsohavetherighttoaccess,without  anydiscrimination,to allsocialandhealthservices.

 

2.    Indigenousindividualshaveanequalrighttotheenjoyment  of thehighestattainablestandardofphysicalandmentalhealth.States shalltakethenecessarystepswithaviewtoachievingprogressively thefullrealizationofthisright.


 

 

 

 

 

Article25

Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttomaintainandstrengthentheir distinctivespiritual relationshipwith theirtraditionallyownedor otherwise  occupied  and  used  lands,  territories,  watersand  coastal seasand  other  resources  and  to  uphold   their  responsibilities  to futuregenerations  inthisregard.

 

Article26

1.    Indigenouspeopleshavetheright  tothelands,territories  and resourceswhichtheyhavetraditionally  owned,  occupied  orother- wiseusedoracquired.

 

2.    Indigenouspeoples  havethe  right  to  own,  use,  develop  and control  thelands,territories  andresourcesthattheypossessbyrea- sonoftraditional  ownership  orother  traditional  occupationoruse, aswellasthosewhichtheyhaveotherwiseacquired.

 

3.    Statesshallgive legalrecognition andprotectiontotheselands, territories  andresources.Suchrecognitionshallbeconductedwith duerespecttothecustoms,traditionsandlandtenuresystemsofthe indigenous  peoplesconcerned.

 

Article27

Statesshallestablish  and  implement,  inconjunctionwith  indige- nouspeoplesconcerned,  afair,independent, impartial,openand transparent  process,givingduerecognitiontoindigenous  peoples’ laws,traditions,  customsandlandtenure  systems,torecognize  and adjudicatetherightsofindigenous  peoplespertainingtotheirlands, territoriesandresources,includingthosewhichwere traditionally ownedorotherwiseoccupiedorused.Indigenouspeoplesshallhave therighttoparticipateinthisprocess.

 

Article28

1.    Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttoredress,bymeansthatcan includerestitutionor,whenthisisnotpossible,just,fairandequita- blecompensation,forthelands,territoriesandresourceswhichthey havetraditionallyownedorotherwiseoccupiedorused,andwhich havebeen  confiscated,  taken,  occupied,  usedordamaged  without theirfree,priorandinformedconsent.

 

2.    Unlessotherwisefreelyagreedupon  bythepeoplesconcerned, compensationshalltaketheformoflands,territories  andresources


 

 

 

 

 

equalinquality,sizeandlegalstatusorofmonetary  compensation orotherappropriate  redress.

 

Article29

1.    Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttotheconservationandpro- tectionof theenvironmentandtheproductivecapacityof theirlands orterritoriesandresources.Statesshall establishandimplement assistance programmes  forindigenous  peoplesforsuchconservation andprotection,without  discrimination.

 

2.    Statesshalltakeeffectivemeasurestoensurethatnostorageor disposalofhazardous  materialsshalltakeplaceinthelandsorter- ritoriesofindigenous  peopleswithout  theirfree,priorandinformed consent.

 

3.    Statesshallalsotakeeffectivemeasures  to  ensure,  asneeded, that  programmes   for  monitoring,maintaining  and  restoring  the healthofindigenous  peoples,asdevelopedandimplementedbythe peoplesaffectedbysuchmaterials,aredulyimplemented.

 

Article30

1.    Militaryactivitiesshallnottakeplaceinthelandsorterritories ofindigenouspeoples,unlessjustifiedby arelevantpublicinterestor otherwisefreelyagreedwithorrequested  bytheindigenous  peoples concerned.

 

2.    States  shallundertake   effectiveconsultationswith  the  indig- enouspeoplesconcerned,  through appropriate  procedures  andin particular  throughtheir  representative  institutions,prior  to  using theirlandsorterritoriesformilitaryactivities.

 

Article31

1.    Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttomaintain,  control,  protect and developtheirculturalheritage,traditionalknowledgeand tra- ditional  cultural  expressions,aswellasthe  manifestations  oftheir sciences,technologies andcultures,includinghumanandgenetic resources,  seeds,medicines,  knowledge  ofthe  properties  offauna andflora,oraltraditions,  literatures,  designs,sportsandtraditional gamesandvisualandperforming  arts.Theyalsohavetheright  to maintain,  control,  protect  and  develop  their  intellectual  property over suchculturalheritage,traditionalknowledge,andtraditional culturalexpressions.


 

 

 

 

 

2.    Inconjunctionwithindigenous  peoples,Statesshalltakeeffec- tivemeasurestorecognizeandprotect  theexerciseoftheserights.

 

Article32

1.   Indigenous peopleshavetherighttodetermine  anddevelop prioritiesandstrategiesforthedevelopmentoruseoftheirlandsor territoriesandotherresources.

 

2.    Statesshallconsultandcooperate  ingood  faithwiththeindig- enous  peoplesconcerned  throughtheirownrepresentative  institu- tionsinordertoobtaintheirfreeandinformedconsentpriortothe approvalofanyprojectaffectingtheirlandsorterritories  andother resources,particularlyinconnectionwiththedevelopment,utiliza- tionorexploitation  ofmineral,waterorotherresources.

 

3.    Statesshallprovideeffectivemechanismsforjustandfairredress foranysuchactivities,and  appropriate  measuresshallbetaken  to mitigate  adverseenvironmental,economic,  social,culturalorspiri- tualimpact.

 

Article33

1.    Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttodetermine  theirowniden- tityormembership  inaccordancewiththeircustomsandtraditions. Thisdoesnotimpairtherightof indigenousindividualstoobtain citizenshipoftheStatesinwhichtheylive.

 

2.    Indigenouspeopleshavetheright  todetermine  thestructures andtoselectthemembershipoftheirinstitutionsinaccordancewith theirownprocedures.

 

Article34

Indigenouspeopleshavetheright  topromote,developandmain- taintheirinstitutional  structuresandtheirdistinctivecustoms,spiri- tuality,traditions,  procedures,  practicesand,inthecaseswherethey exist,juridicalsystemsorcustoms,  inaccordancewithinternational humanrightsstandards.

 

Article35

Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttodetermine  theresponsibilities ofindividualstotheircommunities.


1.    Indigenous peoples,inparticularthosedividedbyinternational borders,  havetheright  tomaintain  anddevelopcontacts,  relations andcooperation,includingactivitiesforspiritual,cultural,political, economic  andsocialpurposes,  withtheir  ownmembers  aswellas otherpeoplesacrossborders.

 

2.    States,inconsultationand  cooperationwith  indigenous  peo- ples,shalltakeeffectivemeasurestofacilitatetheexerciseandensure theimplementationofthisright.

 

Article37

1.    Indigenouspeopleshavetheright  totherecognition,observ- anceandenforcement oftreaties,agreementsandotherconstructive arrangements  concluded  withStatesortheirsuccessorsandtohave Stateshonourandrespectsuchtreaties,agreements  andother  con- structivearrangements.

 

2.    NothinginthisDeclaration  maybeinterpretedasdiminishing oreliminatingtherightsofindigenous  peoplescontained  intreaties, agreements  andotherconstructive  arrangements.

 

Article38

States,  in  consultationand  cooperationwith  indigenous  peoples, shalltaketheappropriate  measures,including  legislativemeasures, toachievetheendsofthisDeclaration.

 

Article39

Indigenouspeoples  havethe  right  to  haveaccessto  financialand technicalassistancefromStatesandthroughinternationalcoopera- tion,fortheenjoyment  oftherightscontained  inthisDeclaration.

 

Article40

Indigenouspeopleshavetherighttoaccesstoandprompt  decision throughjustandfairprocedures  fortheresolution  ofconflictsand disputeswithStatesorotherparties,as well as toeffectiveremedies forallinfringements  oftheir  individualandcollectiverights.  Such adecisionshallgivedue  considerationto  the  customs,  traditions, rulesandlegal systems oftheindigenous  peoplesconcerned  and internationalhumanrights.


The  organs  and  specializedagenciesofthe  United  Nations  system andotherintergovernmentalorganizationsshallcontributetothefull realizationoftheprovisionsofthisDeclarationthroughthemobiliza- tion,interalia, offinancialcooperationandtechnicalassistance.Ways andmeansofensuring  participation  ofindigenous  peoplesonissues affectingthemshall beestablished.

 

Article42

TheUnited  Nations,itsbodies,includingthePermanentForumon IndigenousIssues,andspecializedagencies,including  atthecoun- trylevel,andStatesshallpromoterespectforandfullapplicationof theprovisionsofthisDeclaration  andfollowuptheeffectivenessof thisDeclaration.

 

Article43

 

Therightsrecognized  hereinconstitutetheminimum  standardsfor thesurvival,dignityandwell-beingoftheindigenous  peoplesofthe world.

 

Article44

Allthe  rights  andfreedoms  recognized  herein  areequallyguaran- teedtomaleandfemaleindigenous  individuals.

 

Article45

Nothing  in  this  Declaration   may  be  construed  as  diminishing or  extinguishing  the  rights  indigenous  peoples  havenow  or  may acquireinthefuture.

 

Article46

1.    NothinginthisDeclaration  maybeinterpretedasimplyingfor anyState,people,grouporpersonanyrighttoengageinanyactivity ortoperformanyactcontrarytotheCharter  oftheUnited  Nations orconstruedasauthorizingorencouraging  anyactionwhichwould dismemberorimpair,totallyorin part,theterritorialintegrityor politicalunityofsovereignandindependentStates.

 

2.    In  the  exerciseofthe  rights  enunciatedinthe  present  Dec- laration,human  rightsandfundamental  freedomsofall shallbe respected.  The  exerciseofthe  rights  setforth  inthisDeclaration shallbesubject  onlyto  suchlimitations  asaredeterminedbylaw


 

 

 

andinaccordancewithinternationalhumanrightsobligations.  Any suchlimitationsshall benon-discriminatoryandstrictlynecessary solelyforthe  purpose  ofsecuring  due  recognitionandrespect  for therightsandfreedomsofothersandformeetingthejustandmost compellingrequirementsofademocratic  society.

 

3.    TheprovisionssetforthinthisDeclaration  shallbeinterpreted inaccordance  withtheprinciplesofjustice,democracy,  respectfor human  rights,  equality,  non-discrimination,good  governance  and goodfaith.